System Dynamics and Safety
With the Karlsruhe Sodium Laboratory (KASOLA) at KIT, a versatile research tool will be available to investigate liquid metals at high temperatures as they are used in innovative energy systems. Commissioning tests are planned for 2018.
Three different test ports are foreseen, two large ones for larger and smaller nuclear and non-nuclear experiments and an auxiliary port so that parts of the facility as for sodium cleaning can be used for smaller experiments. First investigations will be dedicated to direct energy conversion and high temperature heat storage for solar systems.
The worldwide increasing energy demand is partly satisfied with nuclear reactors. The related nuclear waste needs special attention; especially the long living fission products and the minor actinides require a special handling. A promising way to reduce its amount is to convert it into short-living waste. This can be achieved most efficiently in fast reactors, either in critical or in accelerator driven subcritical systems.